1658/7 England Crown Cromwell MS63

Royal mint, ESC-10, S-3226. Exceptional in many ways, this crown also exhibits original silvery-gray toning with some dashes of greenish gold iridescence. The dappled toning is pleasing. Not rare per se but quite scarce and very popular as the first milled crown. It was designed by England's finest engraver of all time, Thomas Simon--an act which lost him all favor with Charles II when the royal Restoration occurred in 1660. It was also the first of the new milled, or machine-made, coinage other than a few earlier experiments. The hammer method returned briefly (1660-62) but the milled pieces of Cromwell were clearly superior in all aspects. Thus the time-honored means of making money for the British Isles became lost, and the minters had to learn new ways to ply their secretive trade. This is therefore one of the most historical of British crowns. Extremely Rare

Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader. He served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1653 until his death. Cromwell was born into the middle gentry, albeit to a family descended from the sister of King Henry VIII's minister Thomas Cromwell. He was an intensely religious man, a self-styled Puritan Moses, and he fervently believed that God was guiding his victories. He was elected Member of Parliament for Huntingdon in 1628 and for Cambridge in the Short (1640) and Long (1640–1649) parliaments. He entered the English Civil War on the side of the "Roundheads" or Parliamentarians. Nicknamed "Old Ironsides", he demonstrated his ability as a commander and was quickly promoted from leading a single cavalry troop to being one of the principal commanders of the New Model Army, playing an important role in the defeat of the royalist forces.


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