613-641 AD Heraclius AV Solidus MS

Heraclius (AD 610-641), with Heraclius Constantine (AD 613-641). AV solidus (21mm, 4.39 gm, 7h). NGC MS 4/5 - 4/5, clipped. Uncertain eastern mint, possibly Jerusalem, Alexandria on Cyprus, AD 613-618. dd NN hЄRACLIЧS ЄT hRA CONST P P, crowned and draped busts of Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine facing; cross above, exergual line below busts / VICTORIA AVΣЧ A, cross potent on three steps; CONOB. Sear 851 (Jerusalem). DOC 187a (Alexandria). MIB 77 (Cyprus). Deeply struck on a broad flan. Gorgeous and Scarce.

Heraclius (c. 575 – February 11, 641) was the Emperor of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire from 610 to 641. He was responsible for introducing Greek as the Eastern Roman Empire's official language. His rise to power began in 608, when he and his father, Heraclius the Elder, led a revolt against the unpopular usurper Phocas. Heraclius's reign was marked by several military campaigns. The year Heraclius came to power, the empire was threatened on multiple frontiers. Heraclius immediately took charge of the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628. Heraclius drove the Persians out of Asia Minor and pushed deep into their territory, defeating them decisively in 627 at the Battle of Nineveh. Heraclius soon experienced a new event, the Muslim conquests. In 634 the Muslims marched into Roman Syria, defeating Heraclius's brother Theodore. Heraclius entered diplomatic relations with the Croats and Serbs in the Balkans. He tried to repair the schism in the Christian church in regard to the Monophysites, by promoting a compromise doctrine called Monothelitism. Eventually this project of unity was rejected by all sides of the dispute.

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