ACHAEMENID PERSIA. Time of Darius I to Xerxes II (485-420 BC). AV daric (14mm, 8.32 gm). NGC MS ★ 5/5 - 5/5. Persian king or hero in kneeling-running position right, wearing kidaris (crown) with four points and kandys (royal robe), holding transverse spear with round rear terminal in right hand and bow in left; quiver over shoulder / Rectangular incuse punch with rough interior surface. Carradice Type IIIb A/B. Crisply struck and perfectly centered on a pleasing, oval flan, with considerable original luster.
Darius I (c. 550–486 BCE) was the third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. Also called Darius the Great, he ruled the empire at its peak, when it included much of West Asia, the Caucasus, parts of the Balkans (Thrace-Macedonia and Paeonia), most of the Black Sea coastal regions, parts of the North Caucasus, Central Asia, as far as the Indus Valley in the far east, and portions of north and northeast Africa including Egypt, eastern Libya and coastal Sudan. Based on historical demographic estimates, Darius I ruled over approximately 50 million people, or at least 44% of the world's population.