MACEDONIAN KINGDOM. Alexander III the Great (336-323 BC). AV stater (18mm, 8.55 gm, 2h). Fine Style. Babylon, under Seleucus I Nicator, ca. 311-300 BC. Head of Athena right, wearing triple-crested Corinthian helmet pushed back on head, the bowl decorated with coiled serpent / BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY, Nike standing right, holding wreath and cradling stylis; H below left wing, monogram in wreath below right wing. Price 3707. SC 81.7 var. (monogram with only one cross bar). HGC 9, 3a. An extremely attractive piece with minimal handling. These pieces represent incredible value when weighed against other rarities for the money.
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and he created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history's most successful military commanders.
Alexander's legacy includes the cultural diffusion which his conquests engendered, such as Greco-Buddhism. He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt. Alexander's settlement of Greek colonists and the resulting spread of Greek culture in the east resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century AD. Alexander became legendary as a classical hero in the mold of Achilles, and he features prominently in the history and mythic traditions of both Greek and non-Greek cultures. He became the measure against which military leaders compared themselves, and military academies throughout the world still teach his tactics. He is often ranked among the most influential people in human history.