Louis XIV gold Louis d'or 1704-A AU55 NGC, Paris mint, KM365.1. The inaugural year from this series and an example that shows heavy markings from an earlier strike. Attractive, citrus-gold luster brightens the the broad planchet and Mint-State definition across the design motifs is easily observed. An altogether scarce type in a very well-preserved format.
Louis XIV (5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great or the Sun King (le Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. Starting at the age of 5, his reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history. In the age of absolutism in Europe, Louis XIV's France was a leader in the growing centralization of power.He became one of the most powerful French monarchs and consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution. Under his rule, the Edict of Nantes, which granted rights to Huguenots, was abolished. The revocation effectively forced Huguenots to emigrate or convert in a wave of dragonnades, which managed to virtually destroy the French Protestant minority.During Louis' reign, France was the leading European power, and it fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Warfare defined the foreign policy of Louis XIV, and his personality shaped his approach. Impelled "by a mix of commerce, revenge, and pique", Louis sensed that warfare was the ideal way to enhance his glory. In peacetime he concentrated on preparing for the next war. He taught his diplomats that their job was to create tactical and strategic advantages for the French military.
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Philip VI (French: Philippe VI) (1293 – 22 August 1350), called the Fortunate and of Valois, was the first King of France from the House of Valois. He reigned from 1328 until his death. On the obverse is...