132-135 AD Bar Kokhba AR Zuz MS

UDAEA. Bar Kokhba Revolt (AD 132-135). AR zuz (19mm, 2.68 gm, 12h). NGC MS 4/5 - 4/5. Undated issue of Year 3 (AD 134/5). Paleo-Hebrew Simon within a wreath of thin branches wrapped around eight almonds, medallion at top, tendrils at bottom / For the freedom of Jerusalem around upright palm branch. Mildenberg 224, 103 (these dies). Hendin 1420. Overstruck on a Cappadocian drachm of Trajan, with traces of obverse legend still visible around periphery. Lightly toned. Beautiful piece and first we’ve handled. RARE this nice

The Bar Kokhba revolt was a rebellion of the Jews of the Roman province of Judea, led by Simon bar Kokhba, against the Roman Empire. Fought circa 132–136 CE, it was the last of three major Jewish–Roman wars, so it is also known as The Third Jewish–Roman War or The Third Jewish Revolt. Some historians also refer to it as the Second Revolt of Judea, not counting the Kitos War (115–117 CE), which had only marginally been fought in Judea. The Bar Kokhba revolt greatly influenced the course of Jewish history and the philosophy of the Jewish religion. Despite easing the persecution of Jews following Hadrian's death in 138 CE, the Romans barred Jews from Jerusalem, except for attendance in Tisha B'Av. Jewish messianism was abstracted and spiritualized, and rabbinical political thought became deeply cautious and conservative. The Talmud, for instance, refers to Bar Kokhba as "Ben-Kusiba," a derogatory term used to indicate that he was a false Messiah. It was also among the key events to differentiate Christianity as a religion distinct from Judaism. Although Jewish Christians regarded Jesus as the Messiah and did not support Bar Kokhba, they were barred from Jerusalem along with the other Jews.


Related Items