LACONIA. Sparta. Ca. (15mm, 2.39 gm, 10h). Bearded head of Heracles right, wearing pearl-diadem / Λ - Α and the caps of the Dioscouri flanking amphora, monogram in the lower right quadrant, all within laurel wreath. BCD Peloponnesos 857. A gemlike little coin from one of Greece's most storied cities struck in a superb high relief in sound metal. RARE!
Heracles, born Alcaeus, was a divine hero in Greek mythology, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of Amphitryon and great-grandson and half-brother (as they are both sired by the god Zeus) of Perseus. He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae, and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters. In Rome and the modern West, he is known as Hercules, with whom the later Roman emperors, in particular Commodus and Maximian, often identified themselves. The Romans adopted the Greek version of his life and works essentially unchanged, but added anecdotal detail of their own, some of it linking the hero with the geography of the Central Mediterranean. Details of his cult were adapted to Rome as well.